Almost two years after the announcement of President Pierre Nkurunziza’s intention to run for a third presidential term, the situation remains highly precarious in Burundi. While the worst case scenario of widespread conflict did not materialize in 2016, significant internal population displacement as well as cross border and refugees’ movements did occur following a polarization of society and heightened security issues. The deterioration of the situation is to be expected due to the standstill on the political dialogue that has been taking place since April 2015 and a worsening socioeconomic trend that is impacting the already underserved population. Today, there are 2.1 million food insecure people, malaria has reached the highest levels in the last five years with more than 6 million cases in 2016 and more than 130,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) due to violence and natural disasters (Burundi is also affected by the El Nino and La Nina phenomenon that have consequently increased internal displacement). In total, 3 Million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the country (HNO 2017).
Despite the scope of the situation on the ground, the humanitarian community has had very limited information on the displaced and affected communities in Burundi. IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is currently the only source of information on IDPs in the country highlighting their humanitarian needs. Launched in September 2015, it is presently rolled-out in 11 provinces. The DTM aims at providing nation-wide coverage in 2017, pending the receipt of new donor funding.
Apart from the DTM, IOM intends to respond to the humanitarian needs of the populations and continue the provision of multi-sectoral life-saving assistance through Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFI), Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) services, the provision of psychosocial assistance and the strengthening of community based protection, as well as communicating with communities and accountability mechanisms in 2017
In Burundi, IOM is co-leading the Shelter and NFI sector and is also co-leading the CCCM together with UNHCR. Present in Burundi since 2007, IOM is an active member of the Humanitarian Country Team, the UN Country Team and Security Management Team, as well as the National Platform for Risk Prevention and Disaster Management (Government-led), and of the OCHA inter-sectoral coordination mechanism.
Note: the projects below are in line with the 2017 Burundi Humanitarian Response Plan developed by the Humanitarian Country Team.
IOM Offices: Country Office: Bujumbura; Sub-Offices: Rutana, Muyinga, Makamba, Ruyigi (upcoming: Gitega).
International Staff: 11
National Staff: 93
Shelter and Non-Food Items/CCCM
Assistance in shelter and NFI to affected and displaced householdsAmount Requested: USD 2,866,500 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Assist affected communities with shelter and NFI kits, support shelter construction for the most vulnerable households, and provide CCCM services.Beneficiaries:50,820 individuals, including 24,480 displaced and 26,340 host communities (8,132 men, 12,197 women, 12,197 boys and 18,293 girls).
DTM, psychosocial assistance and community based protection, including strengthening communicating with communitiesAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Enhance community-based protection by identifying and profiling IDPs through DTM, strengthening communicating with affected communities’ mechanisms and providing psychosocial assistance and establishing community-based protection mechanisms.Beneficiaries:220,000 beneficiaries, including 175,000 IDPs, 15,000 returnees and 30,000 from host communities (39,600 men, 48,400 women, 59,400 boys and 48,400 girls)