Almost two years after the announcement of President Pierre Nkurunziza’s intention to run for a third presidential term, the situation remains highly precarious in Burundi. While widespread conflict did not materialize in 2016, significant internal population displacement as well as cross border and refugee movements did occur following a polarization of society and heightened security concerns. A deterioration of the situation is to be expected due to the standstill on the political dialogue and a worsening socioeconomic trend that is impacting the already underserved population. Today there are 2.1 million food insecure people. Malaria has reached the highest levels in the last five years with more than 6 million cases reported in 2016, and more than 141,000 individuals have been internally displaced due to violence and natural disasters experienced in 11 out of 18 provinces (Burundi is also affected by El Nino and La Nina phenomenon that have consequently increased internal displacement). In total, 3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in the country (HNO 2017).
Despite the scope of the situation on the ground, the humanitarian community has had very limited information pertaining to the needs and vulnerabilities of the displaced and affected communities in Burundi. IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is currently the only source of information on the humanitarian needs of IDPs in the country. Launched in September 2015, the DTM has been rolled-out in 11 of 18 provinces, as of December 2016. Following new CERF funding received in February 2017, the DTM will now be able to provide nation-wide coverage for the first quarter in 2017.
In 2017, IOM intends to continue responding to the humanitarian needs of the populations by providing multi-sectoral life-saving assistance, including Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFI), Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) services, psychosocial assistance, and strengthened community based protection, as well as communicating with communities and accountability mechanisms.
In Burundi, IOM is co-leading the Shelter and NFI sector and is also co-leading the CCCM sector together with UNHCR. Present in Burundi since 2007, IOM is an active member of the Humanitarian Country Team, the UN Country Team and Security Management Team, as well as the National Platform for Risk Prevention and Disaster Management (Government-led), and of the OCHA inter-sectoral coordination mechanism.
Note: The projects below are in line with the 2017 Burundi Humanitarian Response Plan developed by the Humanitarian Country Team. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Contact Information: Ms. Kristina Mejo, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org
IOM Offices: Country Office: Bujumbura; Sub-Offices: Rutana, Muyinga, Makamba, Ruyigi, Gitega.
International Staff: 10
National Staff: 97
- IOM reached out to directly 169,760 persons including IDPs, returnees, other vulnerable migrants, and households in the host communities. IOM indirectly reached over 141,221 IDPs in 11 provinces. IOM’s multi-sectoral intervention saved the lives of Burundians, and alleviated the suffering of displaced populations severely affected by the political unrest and the recent natural disasters.
- IOM access to improved emergency and semi-permanent shelter was extended to 2,156 households (or 10,780 persons), access to critical non-food items were extended to 2,065 households (or 10,325 persons). 122,360 persons attended community-based psycho-therapy activities, 7,696 persons improved their psychosocial condition through person-to-person counselling, and after the local market assessment, at least 3,650 beneficiaries were identified for economic opportunity and quick impact community projects. Lastly, 882 local leaders have been sensitized about an innovative Communicating with Communities (CwC) system whereby people can easily communicate to humanitarian agencies. 3,320 persons have used this CwC system to communicate, inquire or raise concern through the free hotline. 80 per cent of the callers have received feedback, 17.4 per cent of the callers were referred to the respective agencies for their action or feedback, and 2.6 per cent of the callers have not yet received feedback.
- Evidence-based decision-making and programming in Burundi was enhanced through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) rollout in 11 provinces, as implemented by IOM in partnership with Burundian Red Cross (BRC). Via the DTM, timely and accurate information on displacement trends and updated humanitarian needs of the displaced populations was shared every two months to over 30 humanitarian agencies including UN agencies, NGOs and civil society, about 30 donors, including Embassies and Development Partners, and about 10 government offices, such as Ministry of Rights of the Person, Social Affairs and Gender, and the Ministry of External Relations and International Corporation, among others.
- The capacity of the Government, UN agencies and Red Cross to set up, coordinate and manage transit camps, was strengthened through IOM’s CCCM (Camp Coordination and Camp Management) trainings which have increased the skills and knowledge of 151 officials and humanitarian practitioners (95 trained in Bujumbura, 30 trained in Muyinga and 26 trained in Gitega province).
- These achievements were made possible with the funds of the Central Emergency Relief Fund (CERF), European Union (EU), Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), Swiss Development Corporation (SDC), OFDA, Italian Technical Cooperation, and several UN agencies (UNFPA, UNICEF, OCHA and WFP).
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Technical assistance for humanitarian Border Management Title: Border Management for Emergency-Preparedness and Response to assist vulnerable populations across borders in time of crisesAmount Requested: USD 2,204,280 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To equip national law enforcement and border authorities with knowledge and skills in operational procedures in time of crises to assist migrants with a variety of vulnerabilities and protection needs. The activities will include registration and collection of data on migration flows through electronic capturing, border posts infrastructure rehabilitation, enhancement of knowledge on migrants’ rights for officials and communities through trainings and sensitization campaigns in cross-border areas.Beneficiaries:200 border and law enforcement officials, 40,080 from host communities (6,814 men, 9,619 women, 9,619 boys and 14,028 girls)
Humanitarian Response Plan: Prevention and protection of those vulnerable to trafficking through awareness-raising of community members and capacity-building for relevant authoritiesAmount Requested: USD 200,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The objectives of this project are to prevent and protect vulnerable persons from becoming victims of trafficking, combat human trafficking through prevention based activities, and enhance government capacities in identifying, protecting and assisting victims of trafficking. Activities include awareness raising and capacity building of IDPs, returnees and host community members. The project will train government and law enforcement officials on counter trafficking, smuggling efforts and international principles and developing Standard Operation Procedures (SOPs) for victims of trafficking for Burundi, as was completed with 39 officials in 2016.Beneficiaries:Approximately 30,000 direct beneficiaries, including 14,940 IDPs, 5,000 returnees and 10,000 host communities members and 60 Government and Law Enforcement Officials
Humanitarian Response Plan: Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), psychosocial assistance and community based protection, including strengthening communicating with communities (CwC)Amount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To enhance community-based protection by identifying and profiling IDPs through DTM, strengthening communicating with affected communities’ mechanisms and providing psychosocial assistance and establishing community-based protection mechanisms. The objective of the project is to reinforce the protection of those affected both by the socio-political situation and natural disasters identified through the DTM, through humanitarian need referral mechanisms, access to psychosocial care and reinforcement of community structures. Activities will include monitoring of internal displacement, establishment of two-way communication mechanisms and community based psychosocial assistance.Beneficiaries:220,000 beneficiaries, including 175,000 IDPs, 15,000 returnees and 30,000 from host communities (39,600 men, 48,400 women, 59,400 boys and 48,400 girls)
Migration Crisis Operational Framework:Building the Resilience of Vulnerable Communities through Sustainable Livelihood ActivitiesAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project targets displaced and returned populations, their host communities and communities of origin affected of acute food insecurity in the in four (4) of the most affected provinces of Rutana, Makamba, Muyinga and Ruyigi. IOM’s livelihood response includes increasing the capacity of households to generate income through agricultural production, sustainable services to support the health of livestock, and vocational training and skills to facilitate start-up activities and businesses. IOM’s livelihood programming includes assistance to both farmers and pastoralist communities. Farming communities are supported through the provision of training on farming techniques to stimulate integrated forms of agriculture as well as enhance household food security. Access to improved animal health care for pastoralists is improved through training of Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs). Both pastoralists and farmers have been negatively affected by protracted conflict and natural disasters, and have been severely affected by the below average rainfall as a result of the El Niño phenomenon in 2015, causing delayed planting as well as lack of pastures.Beneficiaries:50,000 individuals (10% IDPs, 50% returnees, 40% host families beneficiaries). At least 60% of beneficiaries are women
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Conflict prevention and post-crisis recovery through community stabilizationAmount Requested: USD 4,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The objective is to strengthen social cohesion and stability among displaced and returned populations, their host communities and communities of origin through information and awareness-raising sessions for the populations concerned, by supporting the communities through socio-cultural activities to promote knowledge sharing and social cohesion among displaced, returned and host communities by strengthening the economic capacities of the populations concerned by the creation of income-generating activities and providing assistance to basic education and the health of women, children and adolescents. The action will be implemented in four of the most affected border provinces of Rutana, Makamba, Muyinga and Ruyigi.Beneficiaries:50,000 individuals (10% IDPs, 50% returnees, 40% host families beneficiaries). At least 60% of beneficiaries are women
Shelter and Non-Food Items/CCCM
Humanitarian Response Plan: Assistance in shelter and NFI to affected and displaced householdsAmount Requested: USD 2,866,500 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To assist affected communities with shelter and NFI kits, support shelter construction for the most vulnerable households, and provide CCCM services. Activities will include distribution of NFI kits, distribution of emergency and semi-permanent shelter kits and direct support pertaining to shelter construction.Beneficiaries:50,820 individuals, including 24,480 displaced and 26,340 host communities (8,132 men, 12,197 women, 12,197 boys and 18,293 girls).