Since 1991, between 200,000 and 300,000 Rohingyas have arrived in Bangladesh from the northern Rakhine state of Myanmar. Approximately 32,000 of them are officially registered as Myanmar refugees living in the two government-recognized camps in Kutupalong village of Ukhiya Upazila and Nayapara village of Teknaf Upazila in Bangladesh's south- eastern district of Cox's Bazar. Over 60,000 Rohingyas are undocumented and not registered as refugees. They are officially known as Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMNs) who live in makeshift settlements around the same areas as other Rohingya. In a recent outbreak of violence in the Rakhine state of Myanmar following an attack against Myanmar police in October 2016, Bangladesh saw a new wave of influx of an estimated 69,000 Rohingyas.
In 2017, IOM in close partnership with other humanitarian actors, will continue to work on ensuring increased access to quality healthcare and WASH services, strengthened capacity of duty bearers, reduced gender-based violence, and accessible non-formal education for the UMNs and vulnerable host communities (HCs) in Cox’s Bazar, as done since 2013. In addition, IOM will ensure better coordination among organizations and entities at the local, national, and international NGOs and UN agencies working in Cox's Bazar. To improve the quality of communication between humanitarian organizations and UMN communities, an innovative approach for communicating with communities has been developed and deployed. It is a two-way interface between the communities and the service providers and an additional tool for better coordination.
Bangladesh does not have a Humanitarian Response Plan however, UN agencies including IOM are jointly providing humanitarian assistance to the UMNs and the host communities in Cox’s Bazar. The Government of Bangladesh has developed a “National Strategy on Myanmar Refugees and Undocumented Myanmar Nationals in Bangladesh’ to address the Rohingya crisis. Within the framework of the National Strategic Framework, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been mandated by the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) to coordinate the humanitarian services to the Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMNs) and vulnerable host communities in Bangladesh's south-eastern district of Cox's Bazar.
Note: IOM has included interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and “National Strategic on Myanmar Refugees and Undocumented Myanmar Nationals in Bangladesh” to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to provide the humanitarian needs of the UMNs and the vulnerable communities.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 200,000 vulnerable target population Undocumented Myanmar Nationals and the Host Community around Cox’s Bazar
Contact Information: Contact Contact the Donor Relations Division Tel: +41.22.717.9111
IOM Offices: Country Office: Dhaka; Sub-Offices: Cox’s Bazar and Sylhet; Presence in Dhaka, Cox’s Bazar, Teknaf and Sylhet.
International Staff: 13
National Staff: 169
- IOM provided 81,000,000 Liters of safe drinking water to 63,247 individual UMNs in the makeshift settlements and 65,512 individuals benefited from sanitation activities daily.
- IOM distributed 10,000 blankets, 3,000 hygiene kits, 150 dignity kits, 714 plastic sheets and 1,000 tarpaulins to UNMs in Cox’s Bazar, benefitting 21,775 individuals.
- IOM established a 10-bed Leda Health Clinic (LHC) in Teknaf and provided healthcare services to over 15,000 patients monthly through LHC and the other seven Government of Bangladesh healthcare facilities that IOM supports.
- IOM trained 200 representatives from partner organizations, including the representatives from the Fire Service, Bangladesh Army, Navy, Airforce, and Law Enforcing Agencies, Bangladesh Red Crescent Society on other officials from the government department on Disaster Preparedness.
- IOM has selected 10 national and local NGOs, in line with the national strategy on Undocumented Myanmar Nationals, to build local capacity in providing humanitarian assistance.
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Improving Access to Health, Sanitation and Hygiene for the Undocumented Myanmar Nationals living in Cox’s Bazar, BangladeshAmount Requested: USD 200,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To enhance national NGO’s capacity for providing humanitarian support to an estimated target population through different capacity building activities like training, coaching, mentoring and supportive supervision.Beneficiaries:200,000 vulnerable UMNs and host communities
Migration Crisis Operational Framework:Improving Access to Health, Sanitation and Hygiene for the Undocumented Myanmar Nationals living in Cox’s Bazar, BangladeshAmount Requested: USD 650,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To strengthen inter-agency dialogue, IOM will support the coordination of service providers active in Cox's Bazar, monitoring needs on the ground and information management support to ensure adequate attention for all sectors. IOM will maintain feedback and referral mechanisms as well.Beneficiaries:200,000 vulnerable UMNs and host communities
Counter-trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Improving Access to Health, Sanitation and Hygiene for the Undocumented Myanmar Nationals living in Cox’s Bazar, BangladeshAmount Requested: USD 1,700,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To Protect and to reduce the incidence of trafficking in emergencies, IOM will provide health services, psychosocial services, manage case and provides referral of GBV cases and protection cases related to children, ensure provision of safe spaces for women and children to prevent GBV and Child abuse.Beneficiaries:200,000 vulnerable UMNs and host communities
Shelter and Non-Food Items
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Provision of temporary shelter and other essential supplies for vulnerable newly arrived UMNs in Teknaf and Ukhiya Upazilas of Cox’s Bazar districtAmount Requested: USD 12,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:This intervention aims to provide essential support for new shelters; to construct community spaces, approach roads leading to and from different blocks within makeshift settlements, and basic infrastructure; and, to provide non-food items, including cooking and hygiene materials.Beneficiaries:200,000 vulnerable UMNs and host communities
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: To improve Water, Sanitation and Hygiene condition of Myanmar Nationals and Host Communities in Leda, Shamlapur, Monkhali and Uttar SikhaliAmount Requested: USD 5,900,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The objective of this interventions is to support access to safe water, improved sanitation and hygiene; ultimately improving the health and limiting the risk of disease among the affected population. This will be achieved by establishment water infrastructure, both in makeshift settlements and host communities.Beneficiaries:200,000 vulnerable UMNs and host communities
Migration Crisis Operational Framework: Improving Access to Health, Sanitation and Hygieine for the Undocumented Myanmar Nationals living in Cox’s Bazar, BangladeshAmount Requested: USD 4,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM will address the basic humanitarian needs of Undocumented Myanmar Nationals and Host Communities in Cox’s Bazar district by providing access to primary health care services, strengthening behaviour change communication, improve health promotion and establish a new health Iinfrastructure in the proposed new settlement.Beneficiaries:200,000 vulnerable UMNs and host communities