Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world despite sustained aid flows, and continues to suffer from a general development deficit, resulting in chronic malnutrition, severe food insecurity and one of the highest infant and maternal mortality rates globally. In addition, Afghanistan has substantial exposure to natural disasters. Data from the past decade suggests that on average, the country will continue to see approximately 250,000 people affected by natural disasters every year, including floods, earthquakes, landslides and droughts. Afghanistan also remains to be affected by conflict, affecting all regions of the country in 2016. An estimated 660,000 people are internally displaced with over 60,000 newly displaced individuals in 2017 as of April 2017 (OCHA). They are scattered across 34 different provinces – with approximately 20 per cent living in extremely hard to reach areas. 56 per cent of the displaced population are children who are at particular risk of abuse and exploitation, as well as interrupted school attendance and child labour. Multiple forms of gender based violence, particularly early and forced marriage, domestic, psychological, and sexual abuse and even human trafficking are reported, affecting host and displaced communities alike.
Most recently, Afghanistan is affected by large flows of returnees from Pakistan and Iran either voluntarily, due to a number of diverse pull and push factors including deteriorating protection space, or through deportation. In 2016, a total of 691,581 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan (248,054) and Iran (443,527). This number increased significantly in 2017, with more than 155,000 undocumented returnees from Pakistan (45,000) and Iran (110,000). IOM’s projections for return in 2017 are 263,582 from Pakistan and 325,018 undocumented Afghans from Iran. Many of those returning from Pakistan and Iran have lived outside of Afghanistan for decades, and need support from the government and humanitarian actors both on arrival and as they seek to reintegrate into a country already struggling with wide-spread conflict and displacement.
In 2017, IOM will continue to be at the forefront of the response, providing post-arrival humanitarian assistance at all four major border crossing points through IOM Transit Centers- Torkham and Spin Boldak with Pakistan and Islam Qala and Milak with Iran- including provision of non-food items (NFIs) and shelter, medical screening, transportation assistance, and secondary referral services to Persons with Specific Needs. IOM is presently doubling the size of the IOM Transit Center at Torkham where core services are provided to returnees and overnight accommodation will be provided to visiting international staff members. Informed by feedback from returnees themselves and in line with Afghanistan’s cluster system, IOM’s humanitarian assistance packages in 2017 will see a number of changes. Multi-purpose cash for NFIs and shelter/rent will allow families to make their own decisions and exert agency following a difficult journey home and an uncertain future. IOM will also expand its electronic registration system- the Afghan Returnee Information System (ARIS) for the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR) from 12 to 22 provinces. A further initiative to be rolled out by MoRR, IOM and the World Food Programme (WFP) is the integration of biometric registration within the ARIS system. This will help to address issues related to a general lack of civil documentation that reinforces the vulnerability of undocumented returnees and prevents them from accessing services including education, health care and land ownership. In addition, in 2017 IOM will implement individualized and community-based interventions aimed at the provision of reintegration support and enhanced access to livelihood support services, as well as accurate information on safe migration practices. Finally, IOM will also continue to roll out the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to supports effective and targeted aid delivery through evidence based programming and implementation. This will be done closely with REACH, UNHCR, OCHA, the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation, the Central Statistics Office, local Community Development Councils, shuras and community leaders/elders.
IOM is the co-lead of the Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Item Cluster as well as the co-chair of the Refugee and Returnee Chapter in Afghanistan. As a result, IOM also participates in the Inter-Cluster Coordination Team and other ad hoc meetings dealing with the returnee response at the national and sub-national levels. IOM is closely coordinating all of its emergency humanitarian response actions through
the UN Humanitarian Country Team, the office of the Humanitarian Coordinator, UNHCR, WFP, UNICEF, WHO, UNFPA, UNMAS, the cluster system including the Refugee and Returnee Chapter, the High Commission on Migration, various working groups, the Emergency Operations Management Team and the Government’s coordination structure through the Displacement and Return Executive Committee led by the Office of the CEO and its corresponding policy, technical and financial working groups. IOM maintains frequent and regular communication with the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR) as its primary government interlocutor from ministerial to field level but also works closely with the Ministry of Social Affairs (MoSALMD), the National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA) and other government ministries and agencies. In order to address medium to longer term livelihoods and reintegration efforts, IOM is also in talks with the World Bank, the President’s Office and the Ministry of Public Works.
Note: the projects below are coordinated under the Afghanistan Humanitarian Response Plan (June 2017 - March 2018). Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
 The Ministry of the Economy estimates that poverty in Afghanistan affects 36% of the population.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 4,242,504 beneficiaries
Contact Information: Mr Laurence Hart, Special Envoy and Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org, Ms Sarah Craggs, Head of Programming email@example.com, Mr. Nicholas Bishop, Emergency Response Officer, firstname.lastname@example.org, Website: https://afghanistan.iom.int/, Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/iomafghanistan/, Twitter: https://twitter.com/IOMAfghanistan
IOM Offices: Country Office: Kabul; Sub-Offices: Badakhshan, Balkh, Bamyan, Herat, Kandahar, Nangarhar, Nimroz and Paktia
International Staff: 17
National Staff: 405
- Through the Cross Border Return and Reintegration (CBRR) programme, IOM assisted over 66,000 vulnerable undocumented Afghan returnees from Pakistan and 19,000 returnees from Iran with immediate post-arrival assistance including NFIs, accommodation, medical screening, and onward transportation assistance.
- IOM’s Humanitarian Assistance Programme (HAP) together with the Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA) and partners assessed 9,240 natural disaster affected families (56,203 individuals). Of these, IOM assisted 5,089 families (35,600 individuals) with the provision of NFIs, winter clothing, solar lights, emergency shelter modules and family tents.
- 11 gabion and stone masonry walls were completed in 10 provinces at a total length of 3,140 meters, protecting 17 villages, 2,548 houses and benefiting 3,140 families. In addition, 24 communities (1,679 individuals) were targeted for Community Based Disaster risk management (CBDRM) trainings and were equipped with search and rescue, early warning and first aid tools and equipment.
Flexible funding towards the Afghanistan Humanitarian Response PlanAmount Requested: USD 0 Amount Received: USD 751,880
Flexible funding towards the Humanitarian Response PlanAmount Requested: USD 0 Amount Received: USD 751,880
Refugee and Returnee Chapter
DTM and Other Data Collection EffortsAmount Requested: USD 3,765,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Roll out the Displacement Tracking Matrix and conduct other data collection efforts.Beneficiaries:22 provinces
Quick Impact Projects - Community-based AssistanceAmount Requested: USD 2,200,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide community-based assistance through quick impact projects.Beneficiaries:20,000 beneficiaries
Humanitarian Protection Assistance for PSNsAmount Requested: USD 2,500,000 Amount Received: USD 814,332Objective:Provide humanitarian protection assistance to Persons with Specific Needs.Beneficiaries:4,000 beneficiaries
Shelter & Winter Support for Families including Cash for FuelAmount Requested: USD 4,610,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide shelter/winter assistance for November-December, including family-sized tents for seven persons, tarps, blankets, gas heaters and USD 60 cash for fuel for each family, assessed to cover three months of heating fuel based on market analysis.Beneficiaries:5,000 beneficiaries
Humanitarian AssistanceAmount Requested: USD 39,760,000 Amount Received: USD 2,000,500Objective:(1) Provide post-arrival humanitarian assistance to undocumented afghan returnees, including transportation from the border to the nearest IOM Transit Center, provision of hot meals and short-term accommodation (until departure to final destination) at the Transit Center for the most in-need returnees, basic health care services at the Transit Center clinics, in addition to TB and nutrition screening and provision of essential medicines, and secialized support for Persons with Specific Needs (PSNs) such as referral to medical and mental health care, child protection and family tracing through humanitarian and government partners. (2) Upgrade Transit Centres. (3) Provide transportation assistance through cash a grant from the Transit Center to the returnee's final destination ranging from USD 25-50 per person based on market analysis of transportation costs in Afghanistan by province. (4) Provide multi-purpose cash grants of USD 175 per family for non-food items and shelter.Beneficiaries:286,569 returnees will receive transportation assistance, 36,454 returnees will receive multi-purpose cash for NFIs/shelter, 292,869 returnees will receive immediate post-arrival assistance
Support Community-based Health Management in AfghanistanAmount Requested: USD 4,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To improve access to health care for 200,000 vulnerable undocumented Afghans newly returned from Pakistan. This will be achieved by the training of 44 Community Health Workers (CHW) in Nangarhar province.ÂBeneficiaries:44 Community Health Workers and 200,000 vulnerable undocumented Afghan returnees from Pakistan
Diaspora and Human Resource Mobilization
Return of Qualified Afghan DiasporaAmount Requested: USD 1,750,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To contribute to the national development and self-reliance of Afghanistan by engaging the Afghan diaspora in improving the capacity of public and private sector institutions, therefore aiming to result in the improved capacity of public and private sector institutions through skills transfer of qualified Afghans.ÂBeneficiaries:100 qualified diaspora members
Emergency Consular Assistance
Support to National Identity management in AfghanistanAmount Requested: USD 20,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To contribute to GIRoAâ€™s efforts to enhance its national identity management systems by strengthening its capacity to roll out the Afghan National Electronic Identity Card (E-NID) and through supporting GIRoAâ€™s implementation of E-NID roll-out. To contribute towards the operationalization of the recently passed E-Taskira law, through targeted support to the initiation phase of the GIRoAâ€™s E-NID project, part of a long-term, multi-year undertaking by GIRoA, which seeks to overhaul the countryâ€™s civil registry system and provide E-NIDs to all eligible citizens.ÂBeneficiaries:3 million â€“ Afghan citizens in Kabul Province
Technical Assistance for Humanitarian Border Management
Technical Capacity Building of the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation in Displacement, Return, and ReintegrationAmount Requested: USD 4,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Extend the technical capacity of the Afghan Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR) in Information Management through the Afghan Returnee Information System (ARIS) and its coordination of a reintegration and referral mechanism to 22 provinces, as well as Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul. This forms part of IOM Afghanistanâ€™s long term strategy of transferring the responsibility of assistance for Afghan returnees from neighbouring countries to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA). In addition, conduct a pilot programme of data collection and database management for IDPs in three provinces of Afghanistan, i.e. Nangarhar, Kunar, and Laghman.Beneficiaries:938,560 new registrants in the ARIS system
Emergency Shelter and Non-food Items
Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items for vulnerable persons displaced by natural disastersAmount Requested: USD 2,850,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide life-saving emergency relief assistance to vulnerable communities displaced by natural disasters through the distribution of emergency shelters and non-food items, strengthening of national disaster management institutional capacities, and conducting community non-structural DRR activities in selected provinces. This will be achieved through Strengthening the Natural Disaster Information System (NDMIS) which IOM is establishing and supporting on behalf of the Afghan National Disaster Authority; and implementing Community Based Disaster Risk Management, including risk assessments, hazard mapping and action planning.Beneficiaries:15,000 families (105,000 individuals). 49% female, 59% children, 35% adults, 6% elderly