Afghanistan 2018


Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
$53,530,000
Total Funded:
$4,245,387
Percentage Funded:
8%

The migration context in Afghanistan is multi-faceted and complex. After 40 years of sustained conflict and violence, four million Afghan nationals continue to reside in Pakistan and Iran. Afghanistan is simultaneously a country of origin, destination and asylum. 2016 witnessed the highest number of conflict induced IDPs on record at 630,000 persons and over one million Afghans returning from neighbouring countries. Due to the acute frequency and severity of conflict in 2017, an additional 350,000 Afghans have been internally displaced, with a projected caseload of 300,000 new IDPs for 2018. Cross-border returns have continued into 2017, with 560,000 returning Afghan nationals recorded. Annually, approximately 250,000 Afghans are affected by natural and manmade hazards with Afghanistan being one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. In 2018, a nationwide drought is anticipated to affect 2.1m people. 

IOM Transit Centres at major border crossing points with Pakistan and Iran provide returning Afghan migrants with medical screening, accommodation, food, non-food items (NFIs), transportation cash grants and referral services. IOM also prepositions stocks of emergency shelter and NFIs for distribution to populations affected by natural hazards around the country. Similarly, IOM engages in large scale disaster risk reduction (DRR) projects, such as the construction of gabion walls in flood and avalanche prone communities  while   establishing   early warning systems through training of community members.

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) implements Flow Monitoring at the major border crossings with Iran and Pakistan and baseline mobility assessments at the community level to: 1) quantify mobility patterns, profiles and intentions of migrant, mobile, cross-border and nomadic populations; 2) provide evidence-based metrics on outflows and circular, labour migration flows; and 3) identify at-risk, vulnerable migrants in need of protection. IOM also focusses on community stabilization activities, including livelihoods assistance for returnees and affected communities to ensure return and reintegration are sustainable.

IOM Afghanistan is the leading agency providing humanitarian assistance to undocumented Afghan returnees and populations affected by disasters. IOM is an active member of the UN Country Team (UNCT), the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) and the Inter-Cluster Coordination Team. In addition, IOM is active in several clusters (namely protection, multi-purpose cash transfer, coordination, emergency shelter and NFI, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)), working groups, and is the co-chair for the emergency shelter (ES)-NFI Cluster while being a leading member of the Displacement and Return Executive Committee. IOM also works very closely with the host government. Its counterpart on regional returns is the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR) and in support of DRR, IOM partners with the Afghanistan Natural Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA).

Note: the projects below are part inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan Afghanistan 2018 - 2021.

 

 

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 200,000 Afghan undocumented returnees and natural disaster affected IDPs


Contact Information: Nicholas Bishop - Emergency Response Officer (nbishop@iom.int),  https://afghanistan.iom.int/, https://www.facebook.com/iomafghanistan/, https://twitter.com/IOMAfghanistan


IOM Offices: Country Office: Kabul, Sub-Offices: 8, IOM project offices including Transit Centers: 9


International Staff: 25


National Staff: 420


Achievements:

In 2017:

  • 108,000 vulnerable Afghan returnees from Pakistan and Iran provided with life-saving post-arrival humanitarian assistance.
  • Over 38,000 natural hazard-affected Afghans assisted with NFIs.
  • 45,000 daily laborers were employed in Disaster Risk Management infrastructure creation in 26 communities.
  • 48 communities formed Community Disaster Management Committees (CDMC) teams for managing Disaster Risk Reduction activities at community level.
  • 1,970 community members (992 male and 978 female) in 48 communities were trained on Early Warning, Search & Rescue and First Aid.
  • Over 85,000 returning Afghans assisted with cash for transportation.
  • Shelter and winterization assistance provided to 500 households.
Total Requested:
$53,530,000
Total Funded:
$4,245,387
Percentage Funded:
8%
Projects
Afghanistan Humanitarian Response Plan
Requested 53,530,000 | Received: 4,245,387 | Percentage funded: 8%

  Emergency Shelter and Non-food Items

  • Provision of Shelter and Winter Assistance
    Amount Requested: USD 10,300,000 Amount Received: USD 1,221,000
    Objective:
    Provision of shelter and winter assistance to 21,000 families returning from Iran and Pakistan and/or displaced by natural disasters.
    Beneficiaries:
    21,000 vulnerable Afghan returnee families or natural disaster affected IDPs

  Multi-Purpose Cash

  • Provision of cash for transportation, NFIs and specific needs
    Amount Requested: USD 23,000,000 Amount Received: USD 1,175,512
    Objective:
    Provision of cash for transportation to their final destination, cash for NFIs for returning Afghan families from Iran and Pakistan and cash for Persons with Specific Needs.
    Beneficiaries:
    400,000 returning Afghans - cash for transportation; 50,000 returning families - cash for NFIs

  Protection

  • Specialized Protection Assistance to Vulnerable Returning Afghans from Iran to Pakistan
    Amount Requested: USD 12,400,000 Amount Received: USD 1,234,290
    Objective:
    Specialized protection assistance to vulnerable returning Afghans from Iran and Pakistan including single females and unaccompanied migrant children inclusive of screening, identification, registration, family reunification, case management, counseling and provision of temporary shelter.
    Beneficiaries:
    36,000 individuals (incl. 20,000 receiving cash and protection, 16,000 in-kind assistance)

  Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

  • Provision of Hygiene kits
    Amount Requested: USD 476,000 Amount Received: USD 0
    Objective:
    Provision of hygiene kits to returning Afghan families from Iran and Pakistan.
    Beneficiaries:
    14,000 vulnerable returning Afghan families (average size of 5-7 persons)
Total Requested:
$53,530,000
Total Funded:
$4,245,387
Percentage Funded:
8%
This appeal has been supported by